Top 22 Mineral Resources in Kogi State, Locations and Uses

Mineral Resources in Kogi State

In this article, we will look at the Mineral Resources in Kogi State with their geographical locations and uses with short descriptions about them, so below i will put in a table how many Mineral Resources are in Kogi State With where they can be found.

Kogi State popularly known as the Confluence State is located in north-central geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The State was created on 27th August, 1991 by the then Head of State, General Ibrahim Gbadamosi Babangida from part of Kwara State and Benue State and it has twenty one (21) Local Government Areas.

The State is the only State in Nigeria which shares boundary with ten (10) other States. It is bordered to the north by the Federal Capital Territory and Niger State; to the north-west by Kwara State; to the northeast by Nasarawa State; to the west by Ondo and Ekiti States; and to the east by Benue State. It also shares boundary with Anambra State to the south; Edo State to the south-west and
Enugu State to the south-east.

There are three (3) main ethnic groups and languages in Kogi State: Igala, Ebira, and Okun (a Yoruba group) with other minorities like Bassa (a small fraction of Nupe), Ogori Magongo, Oworo (a Yoruba group), Ogugu (subgroup of the Igala), Gwari, Kakanda, and the Eggan community.

Kogi State is blessed with abundant mineral resources distributed fairly in the two geological segments of the State. According to reports by the Geological Survey of Nigeria Agency (GSNA), the State has over twenty (22) known major mineral deposits distributed in its twenty one (21) Local Government Areas and offers considerable attraction for investors. Kogi State is home to the largest iron and steel industry in Nigeria known as Ajaokuta Steel Company Limited. One of the largest cement factories in Africa, Dangote Cement Factory is built in the State.

Mineral Resources in Kogi State

Geological Survey of Nigeria Agency (GSNA) has played an active role in the exploration for mineral deposits in Nigeria. Kogi State like other States in Nigeria is found to be endowed with mineral resources. The mineral resources so far reported in the State by the Geological Survey of Nigeria Agency are discussed below:


Beryl is a hard, crystalline mineral, composed of beryllium aluminum silicate that occurs in white, yellow, pink, green, or blue forms. In other words, it is a hexagonal mineral, Be3Al2Si6O18, from which beryllium is extracted; its principal occurrence is in granite pegmatites. Beryl is a major gemstone; when green, it is emerald, when blue or bluishgreen, aquamarine, and when pink, morganite. Beryl is found at

  • Ikoyi in Ijumu Local Government Area
  • Aku in Adavi Local Government Area

Both areas are underlain by migmatites. The mineral is used as gemstone.


Cassiterite is a dark-coloured mineral consisting of tin oxide, SnO2, the major ore of tin. Otherwise known as tin ore cassiterite belongs to the class of metalliferous minerals. It is associated with hydrothermal veins and pegmatites. Some deposits also occur in placers as well as in granite. The area in the State where the mineral is found is Okoloke in Yagba West LGA.

Tin is a widely sought metal and is used in hundreds of industrial processes throughout the world. In the form of tinplate, it is used as a protective coating for copper vessels, various metals used in the manufacture of tin cans, and similar particles.

Tin is important in the production of the common alloys bronze (tin and copper), solder (tin and lead), and type metal (tin, lead, and antimony). It is also used as an alloy with titanium in the aerospace industry and as an ingredient in some insecticides. Stannic sulphide, known also as mosaic gold, is used in powdered form for bronzing articles made of plaster of paris or wood. Its compounds are used in dyeing and fire-proofing.


Clay is naturally occurring material composed primarily of fine-grained minerals, which show plasticity through a variable range of water content, and which can be hardened when dried and/or fired.

Clay is found all over the 21 Local Government Areas of the State. The uses of clay and clay products are too numerous to list completely. In domestic life clay is used in pottery, earthenware, china, cooking ware, vases, ornaments, plumbing fixtures, porcelain stoves, tiles, fire kindlers, oilcloths, linoleum, wall-paper, scouring soaps, and polishing bricks.

It even finds a place as an adulterant in foods and medicine. In buildings it is used for building bricks, vitrified and enameled bricks, building and conduit tiles, tiles for floors, walls, and drains, copings, flues, chimneys pots, sewer pipes, and foundation blocks. In electrical industry it is used for conduits, cleats, sockets, insulators, and switches. In refractory ware it is used for fire brick, furnace linings, chemical stoneware, crucibles, retorts, glass-melting equipment, and saggar.

Other important uses are for furling cloth, foundry sands, terra cotta, emery wheels, rubber crucibles, water conduits, paving bricks, septic tanks, railroad ballast, Portland cement, filtering oils, paper making, and innumerable minor purposes.


Coal is a carbon-rich, combustible, stratified organic sedimentary rock composed of altered and/or decomposed plant remains of non-marine origin, combined with varying minor amounts of inorganic material. Coal deposits in the State are restricted to the eastern flank which lies within the Anambra Basin.

Mineable coal deposits in the State are found at

  • Odokpono, Okobo and Odagbo (Okaba) in Ankpa LGA
  • Ogboyaga in Dekina LGA.

The coal deposits in Kogi State are of medium quality, non-coking and sub-bituminous. These put together suggest that they do not possess some cooking qualities suitable for coke making blends.

However, the coals are suitable for electric power generation and as domestic fuel. They are also rich in resinous and waxy materials and are therefore suitable raw material for the chemical industry and also for use in the manufacture of plastics, when fractionally distilled. The coals are also good producer of gas fuel, and are suitable for complete gasification using the oxygen enriched steam blast process. They can also be processed to produce automotive fuel.


Columbite is an iron black, often iridescent, orthorhombic mineral oxide of niobium, tantalum, iron, and
manganese (Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6, with varying proportions of niobium and tantalum. When the proportion of tantalum exceeds that of niobium, it is called tantalite. Columbite is the principal commercial source of tantalum and niobium. In most cases, columbite in the State occurs in association with tantalite.

Most of the columbite in the State is concentrated in alluvial deposits. Few deposits occur with tinstone in granite and pegmatite.
Columbite is found at

  • Isanlu–Esa, Okoloke, Odo Eri and
  • Ejiba in Yagba West LGA;
  • Iddo and Takete-Isao in Yagba East LGA;
  • Idibo in Ajaokuta LGA.

Columbite is used in the production of dental and surgical instruments, niobium metals, electrodes and alloys.


Feldspar is an aluminosilicate mineral containing varying proportions of calcium, sodium, potassium, and other elements. It is the most important group of rock-forming minerals that make up about 60% of the Earth’s crust.

Feldspars are essential constituents of most igneous rocks; the kind and amount of feldspar present is used in classification. They frequently occur in metamorphic rocks and in many sedimentary rocks, more commonly in the arenaceous rocks than argillaceous. The type of feldspar most common in the
State is potassium-rich feldspar (K-feldspar).

Large deposits of feldspar occur at

  • Isanlu-Esa and Egbe in Yagba West LGA;
  • Osara, Aku and Zariaji in Adavi LGA;
  • Lokoja the State Capital.

Feldspar is used in glass, pottery, ceramics, filters in plates and paints.

Fire Clay

Fire clay also known as refractory clay is a durable clay that can withstand great heat. In other words, it is
a clay that can withstand high temperatures without disintegrating or turning pasty. They are non-plastic clays, composed dominantly of kaolinite with illite, quartz and carbonaceous material.

Fire clay from where surface conditions permit most minerals, except kaolinite and illite, to
be leached out. Fire clay is found at

  • Ahoko-Koto in Kogi LGA.

The mineral is rich in hydrous aluminium silicate and is used widely to manufacture clay crucibles, fire bricks and furnace linings, and as a binder in molding sands.


Garnet is a variously coloured crystalline silicate mineral. In other words, it is a mineral that belongs to the
family of silicates of iron, magnesium, aluminium, calcium, manganese, and chromium, which are built around independent tetrahedral and appear commonly as distinctive 12-sided, fully developed crystals. It is common in metamorphic rocks (gneisses and schists and some types of contact metamorphism) and is stable across a wide range of temperatures and pressures. It occurs in some mantle xenoliths. Garnet has a vitreous luster and is found in all colours but blue.
Garnet is found at

  • Isanlu and Takete-Isao in Yagba East LGA
  • Odo-Ara in Yagba West LGA.

It is widely used as a gemstone.


Gold is a soft, heavy, corrosion-resistant, yellow metallic element that is highly valued, found in underground veins and alluvial deposits.

It occurs principally as a native metal but may also be alloyed with silver, copper and other metals. Gold occurs in hydrothermal veins with quartz and various sulphides; disseminated in submarine massive effusive and in placers or nuggets, fines, and dust. Although a rare element, gold is
widely distributed in nature.

Gold occurrence in the State is restricted to the schist belt. Most gold deposits in the State occurs as a native gold (gold dust) – concentration as placer along or close to old river beds. Few deposits also occur in quartz-veins and in pegmatites and in some areas underlain by the Basement Complex.
Large deposits of gold occur at

  • Okolom, Dogondaji and Odogbe in Yagba East LGA;
  • Okoloke and Ejiba in Yagba West LGA; and
  • Katcha Katcha in Omala LGA.

Gold is used in coinage, jewelry, alloys, decoration, dental work, plating, and for coating certain space satellites. It is a standard for monetary systems in many countries.


Granite is a coarse-grained igneous rock composed of feldspar (usually potash feldspar and oligoclase)
and quartz with a small amount of mica (biotite and muscovite) and minor accessory minerals, such as zircon, apatite, magnetite, ilmenite, and sphene. Biotite and/or hornblende are common mafic minerals. It is the most extensively occurring igneous rock.

Large deposits of granite are found all over the Central and western flanks of the State.

Granite is used in road and building construction, office and home furnishing, ornamental and monumental purposes.

Iron Ore

Iron ore is a ferruginous rock containing one or more minerals from which metallic iron may be profitably
extracted. The principal ore of iron ore found in the State are hematite and magnetite. They are dark grey to black heavy oxide of iron. They occur within the Basement Complex region of the State. They are mostly localized within the gneiss-migmatite-quartz complex.

Areas in the State where iron ore are found include

  • Itakpe and Ajagbanoko in Adavi LGA;
  • Agbado-Okudu, Agbaja, Oshokoshoko and Tajimi in Lokoja LGA;
  • Ebiya in Ajaokuta LGA; and
  • Koton-Karfi in Kogi LGA.

Iron ore is used in the manufacture of industrial machines, alloys, tools, civil and construction works, ship building, rails, automobiles, air crafts, office and household products.


Kaolin is aluminous mineral of the kaoliniteserpentine clay mineral group. The mineral is soft and white
in colour. It has tendency of becoming plastic when wet and hardened when dried or fired.
Kaolin occurs at

  • Agbaja Plateau and Emu in Lokoja LGA;
  • Agbaja Hill in Bassa LGA; and
  • Angba in Igalamela/Odolu LGA.

The mineral is used in ceramics, medicines, coated paper, tooth paste, cosmetics, paint, rubber, adhesives, chalks and fertilizer. It is also used as drilling mud in petroleum industry.


Magnetite is iron oxide, Fe3O4 black and strongly magnetic mineral. It is an ore of iron, although it can
be found in the form of octahedral steel-black crystals with a metallic luster, it occurs more commonly as compact and granular masses. It is a common accessory mineral in igneous rocks and can be concentrated by magmatic segregation forming large orebodies, often with a high titanium content
and is plentiful in contact metasomatic conditions.

Magnetite is found at

  • Agbaja Plateau, Tajimi Ridge and Patti Ridge in Lokoja LGA;
  • Gboloko in Bassa LGA;
  • Akpogu in Mopa Muro LGA; and
  • Ebiya in Ajaokuta LGA.

Magnetite is a major source of iron.


Marble is a fine- to coarse-grained metamorphic rock consisting mainly of recrystallized calcite (CaCO3)
and/or dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2]. It is a metamorphosed limestone. It has colourless streaks resulting from impurities such as quartz or dolomite in the original limestone, which result in the formation of minerals such as forsterite (or serpentine). Marble deposits in the State are localized within the highly metamorphosed metasediments of the Basement Complex.
Large proved reserves of marble deposits occur mostly in the western flank of the State at

  • Oyo-Iwa and Jakura in Lokoja LGA;
  • Okoloke in Yagba West LGA;
  • Ekinrin-Adde in Ijumu LGA;
  • Osara and Ubo in Adavi LGA;
  • Itobe in Ofu LGA; and
  • Mopa in Mopa Muro LGA.

Marble is used in the manufacture of glass, paints, lime, cement, ceramics, iron and steel refining, bleaching powder, calcium carbide, chemical and pharmaceutical products, fertilizer, rubber and plastics,
soap and detergent. It is also used in agriculture for life stock concentrates and land fertility, building and furnishing, wall cladding, paladiana, monumental and ornamental items.


Mica is a group of monoclinic phyllosilicate minerals characterized by their platy habit, perfect basal
cleavage and the elastic properties of the cleavage flakes. The principal mica minerals are muscovite, biotite, phlogopite and lepidolite. Micas occur in a wide range of igneous and metamorphic rocks and some sedimentary rocks.

Large crystals of mica are typically mined from granitic pegmatites. Two types of mica commonly found in the State are Muscovite (white) and Biotite (black).

They are characterized by perfect cleavage, readily split into thin elastic plates. Mica is found at

  • Egbe and Isanlu–Esa in Yagba West LGA;
  • Idofin in Yagba East LGA;
  • Zariagi and Aku in Adavi LGA;
  • Lokoja the State capital.

The mineral is widely used in electrical and heat insulators, lamp shield, lubricant, paints,
Christmas trees snow and filters in plastics, ceramics, wall papers and decorations.


Muscovite is a common mica mineral consisting of potassium aluminium silicate. It also known as
white mica or potassic mica. Muscovite is a mineral of mica group, KAl2AlSi3O102, colourless and transparent in thin cleavage flakes but translucent silvery or pale shades of yellow, brown or green in thicker crystals.

Muscovite is a widespread and common rock-forming mineral, especially in pegmatite, granite and low-or medium- to high- grade metamorphic rocks (greenschist and amphibolites facies). Areas in the State where muscovite is found are

  • Isanlu-Esa in Yagba West LGA;
  • Idofin in Yagba East LGA; and
  • Aku and Zariagi in Adavi LGA.

Muscovite is used as insulating material in the manufacture of electrical apparatus, particularly vacuum tubes. Scrap mica, obtained as waste material in the manufacture of sheet mica, is used as a lubricant when mixed with oils and as a fireproofing material.


Quartz is a hard, usually colourless and transparent crystalline mineral. It is second most common of all minerals, composed of silicon dioxide, or silica, SiO2. It is distributed all over the world as a constituent of rocks and in the form of pure deposits. It an important rock-forming mineral and is an essential constituent of igneous rocks such as granite, rhyolite, and pegmatite, which contain an excess of silica. In
metamorphic rocks, it is a major constituent of the various forms of gneiss and schist; the metamorphic rock quartzite is composed almost entirely of quartz. Quartz forms veins and nodules in sedimentary rock, principally limestone.

Sandstone, a sedimentary rock, is composed mainly of quartz. Quartz is found all over the western flank of the State mostly at

  • Isanlu-Esa in Yagba West LGA;
  • Idofin in Yagba East LGA;
  • Aku in Adavi LGA; and
  • Lokoja the State capital.

The mineral is used in electronic equipment (radio oscillation), glasses, lenses, prisms, refractory materials,
porcelain, oscillation plate and in building construction.

Silica Sand

Silica Sand is a sand containing a high percentage of quartz. Large concentrations of silica sand
occur all over the State mostly along river channels both in the western and eastern flanks of the State. Silica sand is used in road and building constructions, ceramics and glass among others.


Talc is very soft mineral consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate, Mg3Si4O10 (OH)2, with a hardness of 1 on the Mohs Scale, that feels soapy when handled. It occasionally occurs as pale apple green, grey or white triclinic crystal but more commonly is compacted, forming foliated, fibrous or granular masses; in soapstone it is dark grey or dark green. It is an alteration product of magnesium silicates or ultramafic rocks and is also formed by metasomatism in pure dolomitic marbles.
Large deposits of talc are found at

  • Ejiba in Yagba West LGA;
  • Okolom, Odogbe and Iye in Yagba East LGA.

Talc is used in cosmetics, ceramics, paper, paints, pharmaceuticals, plastics, rubber, and textiles, among others.


Tantalite is a reddish black mixed oxide mineral, (Fe,Mn)Ta2O6, containing tantalum, iron, and manganese. It is the principal ore of tantalum. Tantalite is isomorphous with columbite and occurs in pegmatites. It is highly resistant to corrosion.
Large concentrations of tantalite in the State occur in certain alluvial deposits associated with columbite. It occurs at

  • Idofin in Yagba East LGA.

Because of its resistance to corrosion, tantalum is used in surgery for skull plates and in air craft building. It is also used in the manufacture of special alloys, electrodes and tantalum metals.


Tourmaline is a silicate mineral of boron and aluminum with sodium, calcium, fluorine, iron, lithium, or magnesium formed at high temperatures and pressures through agency of fluids carrying boron and fluorine. In other words, it is a group of hexagonal borosilicates minerals with variable chemical composition occurring as prismatic crystals or aggregates of parallel or radiating individuals.

Tourmaline is a common accessory mineral in igneous and metamorphic rocks, and very common in pegmatites, where it sometimes occurs in crystals of enormous size. This diachronic gemstone
comes in many different colours.

Tourmaline is found at

  • Okoloke and Odo-Eri in Yagba West LGA; and
  • Idibo in Ajaokuta LGA.

The mineral is used in electronics, optics and as gemstone.

Crude Oil

Crude oil is a naturally occurring petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials. A type of fossil fuel, crude oil is refined to produce usable products including gasoline, diesel, and various other forms of petrochemicals. It is a nonrenewable resource, which means that it can’t be replaced naturally at the rate we consume it and is, therefore, a limited resource.

Crude oil is a raw natural resource that is extracted from the earth and refined into products such as gasoline, jet fuel, and other petroleum products.
Crude oil is a global commodity that trades in markets around the world, both as spot oil and via derivatives contracts.
Many economists view crude oil as the single most important commodity in the world as it is currently the primary source of energy production.

Original Source: AbujaBuzz

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